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2017-12-28 Leisure time


Leisure Time第十五期

Current New


China is now a major player in digital technology with enormous growth potential, according to a report by McKinsey Global Institute released last Monday.


As digital forces shake the status quo and restructure value chains, an even more globally competitive Chinese economy, and dynamic firms can emerge, the report said.


China's e-commerce transactions were estimated to be larger than those in France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States combined.


The value of China's individual consumption mobile payments was 790 billion United States dollars in 2016, 11 times that of the United States, according to the report.


Meanwhile, China is in the global top three for venture capital investment in virtual reality, autonomous vehicles, 3D printing, robotics, drones and artificial intelligence.


The report also predicted that digital technology might shift and create 10-45% of industry revenues in China by 2030.


Jeongmin Seong, MGI senior fellow, said that digitization could make China's economy more dynamic and enable more Chinese businesses to compete globally and even export "Made In China" digital business models.


Overseas Culture


Here are the origins behind the names of 10 of the loveliest flowers.




The anemone is also known as the windflower. Indeed, the word anemone, first attested in English in the mid-sixteenth century, probably comes from a Greek word literally meaning “daughter of the wind.” It’s said that the brightly colored petals of this flower only opened when the wind blew. Sea anemones took their names in the late eighteenth century on their likeness to the flowers.

银莲花也被称为风之花。事实上,anemone是在16世纪中叶首次出现在英语中的,它可能起源于一个希腊单词,意思是“风的女儿”。据说,明媚鲜艳的银莲花只有在风吹过时才会绽放。因为银莲花和海葵有几分相似,到18世纪末期时,人们将海葵称为sea anemone



In the pastoral poems of Theocritus, Ovid, and Virgil, Amaryllis was a common name for a beautiful country girl. Carl Linnaeus, the father of modern taxonomy, adopted Amaryllis for this flower family in the late eighteenth century. The name Amaryllis may derive from a Greek verb meaning to “sparkle” or “shine,” fitting for the rich red veins that pop out from the long white petals of these flowers.



3. 康乃馨

There are two etymologies for carnation, a term found in English in the early sixteenth century. According to one, carnation may be a corruption of coronation, perhaps because the flower’s toothed petals resembled crowns or because the flowers were worn, crown-like, as garlands. The second etymology comes from the flower’s original color, and roots carnation in the Middle French carnation, “pink complexion,” from the Latin root caro, “flesh,” source of less delicate words like carnal and carnage.




True to their etymology, chrysanthemums often bloom in striking gold. The word chrysanthemum, emerging in English in the late sixteenth century, comes from the Greek krysanthemon, meaning “gold flower.” The first component, krysos, shows up in the biological term chrysalis. The second, anthos, appears, among other words, in anthology, literally “a collection of flowers,” first used for a compilation of small poems in the early seventeenth century.

与其词源一致,Chrysanthemum通常开出醒目的金黄色花朵。Chrysanthemum16世纪末期传入英语,这个单词源于希腊语krysanthemon,意为金色的花朵。第一个组成部分krysos意为“金色的”,是形容蝶蛹的生物学术语。Anthos表示“花朵”,它也是anthology的词根。Anthology意为 “鲜花大全”,最早在17世纪初期时被用来表示短诗集。


5. 雏菊

The word daisy has deep roots in the English language. As attested to in some of English’s earliest records, daisy comes from the Old English phrase d?gesege: the “day’s eye,” as the flower’s white petals close at dusk and open at dawn, like the eye of the day as it sleeps and wakes.



6. 勿忘我

The name forget-me-not was a direct translation from the Old French “do not forget me”. Renaissance romantics believed that, if they wore these soft-colored flowers, they would never be forgotten by their lovers, making the flower a symbol of fidelity and everlasting love.




The tall, tapering blue clusters of lupines certainly don’t look like their etymology: lupinus, a Latin adjective for “wolf.” So why the fierce name? Perhaps the flowers were once thought to deplete the ground in which they grow, devouring its nutrients like a wolf. This is likely folk etymology, though, as lupines actually enrich the soil and have long been harvested for their nutritious seeds.




The peony, a word found in Old English, was believed to have healing properties in early medicine, which is why its name might honor Paion, the physician of the gods in Greek mythology.




Like many other flower names, rhododendron enters the English record in the mid-1500s. The name literally means “rose tree” in Greek . It’s an apt name, for this shrub or small tree blooms with brilliant, rose-colored flowers.




Passing into English via Dutch or German in the late 1500s, tulip actually comes from the Turkish tülbent, based on the Persian dulband: “turban.” The flower, to its ancient namers, resembled the male headwear worn throughout the Middle East, India, and parts of Africa. The word turban also comes from this Persian dulband.


Data of life


Fifty years ago, British inventors made and marketed the first electronic "breathalyzer".


The alcohol gauge has become standard issue for United States. law enforcement cracking down on drunk driving.


In a sign of the times,United States. police are now hoping to enlist the so-called "Textalyzer."


The device, in development by a company called Cellebrite, plugs into a driver's smartphone and can tell police whether that person sent a text, e-mail or some other type of electronic message.


Much of this information could be found by checking the device's call log and messaging apps, but the Textalyzer aggregates all of that information in one place.


Sending or reading a text typically takes a driver's eyes off the road for about five seconds.


At 55 miles per hour, that's like driving the length of an entire football field with your eyes closed, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.


The NHTSA reports that in 2015 nearly 3,500 people were killed, and 391,000 were injured in motor vehicle crashes involving drivers who were talking on the phone or texting.


But several open questions remain related to the Textalyzer. For one, it's not clear how officers will access a device if it's password protected.


Textalyzer's legality is also up for debate. In 2014 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that police officers cannot legally search a mobile phone for content created within the past 180 days without a warrant. Regardless, several states plan to test the device.


Over the years all sorts of bad advice has been given to help people "beat" Breathalyzer tests. Let's hope the only way people beat the Textalyzer is by keeping their hands on the wheel and their eyes on the road.



Four self-driving buses began trial operations in south China's Shenzhen, a city known for its high concentration of hi-tech companies.


The smart buses, which are smaller than an ordinary bus, began running on a 1.2-kilometer route with three stops in the bonded zone of Futian.


The buses have a designed speed of 10 to 30 kilometers per hour.


Equipped with lidar censors, cameras, and GPS antenna, the buses can avoid hitting pedestrians, vehicles and barriers, safely change lanes and stop at designated sites.


The buses will have a driver who can manually brake or change the vehicle from self-driving to manual mode in case of emergency.


The project was jointly developed by the National Intelligent Transport Systems Center of Engineering and Technology and Shenzhen Bus Group.


About Entertainment


When Prince Harry and Meghan Markle finally announced their engagement in November this year, it didn't take long before our attention moved away from that ring and onto the potential wedding dress Meghan would choose for her big day.


A royal wedding dress can't just be any bog standard gown, after all, and we were certain that all plans for the design would be kept a closely-guarded secret until the couple's wedding date in May.


However, sketches by Israeli bridal designer Inbal Dror, submitted to Meghan for consideration have just been leaked. According to TMZ, the sketches were sent following a request by the royal family.

但是以色列设计师Inbal Dror给梅根的参考手稿已经泄露了。《三十英里区域》说,是王室邀请Inbal Dror设计手稿的。

Very unlike her soon-to-be sister-in-law, Kate Middleton's, royal wedding gown which was designed by Alexander McQueen and featured traditional lace and a huge train, these dresses appear far more modern. While the detail and figure-hugging shape of the sketches would be a departure for traditional royal brides, the high-neck design and long-sleeves would be in-keeping with past dresses.


Unfortunately for us, we probably will still have to wait until the 19th May to see what she finally picks. It is likely that Dror is one of a few designers who have been requested to submit ideas for the gown, so will be fighting for the right to dress Meghan.

不幸的是,我们可能要等到519日才能看到梅根最后的选择。Inbal Dror可能是少数由王室钦点的婚纱设计师,当然也会力争为梅根梳妆打扮。

And, sadly, we're guessing there's no way this future royal bride will be walking down the aisle in something the whole world - including her future hubby - has seen all over the internet.


It does however give us an idea of the type of dress she might choose, which is very different from the dress she wore to her first wedding.


播音主持:吴雨娟 崔尚仪 孙东超